Tourist & Resident Guide to Iran

Wednesday, February 15, 2006

Images: Ashura, Mourning the 3rd Imam

zanjir, chains for self-flagellation
Ashura procession
baby representing a child martyr

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Photographs of Iran

Saturday, February 11, 2006

Islamic Revolution Day

Today, February 11 is the 27th Anniversary of the Islamic Revolution in Iran when Ayatollah Khomeini came to power in 1979 and is celebrated as a national holiday.
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Other national holidays in Iran are:

Oil Nationalization Day - March 20
This day celebrates the nationalization of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company in 1951.

Noruz - around March 21-24
Iranian New Year "Noruz" (lit. new day) is celebrated on the Spring Equinox and many Iranian return to their home towns during this period.

Islamic Republic Day - April 1
The anniversary of the beginning of the Islamic Republic.

Sizdah Bedar - April 2
This is the 13th day of the Persian new year when many Iranians leave their homes and go on picnics to avoid bad luck.

Heart-Rending Departure of the Great Leader - June 4
The anniversary of the death of Ayatollah Khomeini in 1989.

Anniversary of the Arrest of Ayatollah Khomeini - June 5
The anniversary of the arrest of Ayatollah Khomeini in 1963, when he urged Muslims to revolt against the superpowers.

Anniversary of the Death of Dr. Seyed Behesthi - June 28
The anniversary of the death of Dr. Seyed Behesthi, a key Khomeini ally in 1981. Behesthi was killed by a bomb blast, along with 72 other people, at a meeting of the Islamic Republic party.

Day of the Martyrs of the Revolution - September 8
The anniversary of the deaths of several hundred people killed when Iranian troops fired on a Tehran demonstration against the Shah in 1978.

Religious Holidays

Iran also has many religious holidays which are celebrated on dates according to the Muslim lunar calendar.

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Friday, February 03, 2006

Iran's Oil Industry

Blood and Oil: The Dangers and Consequences of America's Growing Dependency on Imported Petroleum by Michael T Klare Iran is the world's fourth largest producer of crude oil. In 2002 Iran produced approximately 3.72 million barrels per day (Mbbl/d). It is estimated that Iran has the second-largest reserves of untapped petroleum in the world, (125.8 billion barrels) second only behind Saudi Arabia (260 billion barrels). Iranian reserves amount to one-tenth of the world's estimated total supply. Iran also has estimated reserves of 940 trillion cubic feet of gas about 16% of total world reserves.

Petroleum production has been the main industry in Iran since the 1920s. The oil industry was nationalized in 1951 with the then government forming the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC). Petrochemical exports now generate about US$1 billion dollars a year with major trading partners being China, India and Japan. In 2003, the vast majority (about 90%) of oil exported from the Persian Gulf was carried by tanker through the Strait of Hormuz.

In 2003, Iran announced the discovery of the world's second largest oilfield near the Persian Gulf port of Bushehr with an estimated reserve of 38 billion barrels.

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Blood and Oil: The Dangers and Consequences of America's Growing Dependency on Imported Petroleum by Michael T Klare

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